... Notes: Leaves turn yellow to red fall color, uses are park tree, its fruit and to attract wildlife. Noteworthy Characteristics Diospyros virginiana, commonly called persimmon, is deciduous tree with a rounded oval crown that grows to 35-60’ tall. Diospyros Species: virginiana Family: Ebenaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The inner bark and unripe fruit has been used in the treatment of fevers, diarrhea, and hemorrhage, indelible ink made from fruit, flowers used for honey. http://ctl.w3.uvm.edu/omeka/exhibits/show/uvmtrees/persimmon-intro/persi…. When ripe, these fruits are very sweet. This species has a shrubby growth form. long (15 cm). Bark is grey or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the valleys between the blocks. Fall color can be a spectacular red in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8a. The branches are gray or brown and very smoot, exhibiting 'alternate' arrangement of branching. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Diospyros virginiana, American Persimmon, Common Persimmon, Simmon. Patrick Breen, It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Edible. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). As such the fruit should not be picked until it is ripe, plump, and soft to the touch (Rick 2018). , and presidents, like George Washington and Thomas Jefferson (Rick 2018). Diospyros virginiana is used for its fruit and wood. As such the fruit should not be picked until it is ripe, plump, and soft to the touch (Rick 2018). http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.879.7480&rep=re…. The American persimmon is found natively as far north as New York and western Connecticut, as far south as Flordia, and as far west as Okalahoma (Central Park Conservancy 2018; Tree Trail 2017). Metcalf Tree to 17 m, dbh 0.5 m. Branchlets dark brown to blackish brown, glabrous. A deciduous tree 40 to 65 ft high in this country, but occasionally over 100 ft high in the wild, with a trunk 2 ft in diameter; young shoots more or less downy. The wood from old trees is very hard and has been used to make golf clubs. Hardy to USDA Zone 4      Native range from Connecticut to Florida and west to Kansas and Texas. This plant has oval entire leaves, and unisexual flowers on short stalks. The top of the leaves is glossy and the bottom of the leaves is softer and more leathery. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. But they must be fully ripe. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The branching of persimmon leaves is alternate. American Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) American persimmons ripen in the fall and dangle from the branches like ornaments long after leaf drop. Diospyros virginiana (American Persimmon) is a deciduous tree with a spreading crown and pendulous branches clothed in glossy green, oval leaves, 6 in. The American persimmon has a Japanese relative and likely came to the Americas early on in evolution or through the Bering strait. The fruit is produces is juice and pinkish-orange and can be very sweet if eaten when overripe (Rick 2018). Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; It is well adapted to cities, but presents a problem with fruit litter, attracting flies and scavengers, such as opossums and other mammals. The only other native persimmon of North America is called Texas persimmon (Diospyros texana), and it occurs in Texas and northeastern Mexico. Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) Paul Nelson. They turn yellow, pink or reddish-purple in the fall, creating a glorious display. Diospyros virginiana 'Killen' NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Diospyros virginiana. This is a reference to the delicious golden-orange fruits that often hang on the tree after the leaves drop in autumn. Bark is grey or black and distinctly Diospyros virginiana L. var. virginiana : Classification. If the leaves are glossy, turn red or have a few remote teeth, they're Blackgum, not Persimmon. Growing in a wide range of forests, its wood is also appealing. The fruit is an important wildlife food and is edible. Common Persimmon - Diospyros virginiana Ebony Family (Ebenaceae) Persimmon is native throughout Kentucky in dry woodland settings. Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Ebenales>Ebenaceae>Diospyros virginiana L. Persimmon is a common and widespread medium-sized tree in North Carolina. Privacy policy. Young leaves are reddish green turning to glossy, dark-green as they mature and, sometimes, to orange and scarlet in the autumn.Height - 15m (49ft) The American Persimmon produces fruits quite different from its Asian counterparts, as depicted in the image above (The Fruit Nut 2014). At around six years of age, American persimmon trees can produce round orange fruits upon pollination by wind and insects. The bark can sometimes be infected with gummosis fungi and flatheads eat the inner bark and can damage limbs. The leaves have an ovate shaped and are dark green in color. Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, American Ebony, White Ebony, Bara-bara, Boa-wood, Butterwood, Possum Apples, Sugar-plum. Leaves alternate, simple, 5-13 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, oval to elliptic, rounded at base, entire or irregularly serrate, glossy dark green above and paler below. They take a long time to ripen and remain on the branch even after the leaes have fallen (The Fruit Nut 2014). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. common persimmon Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana L. symbol: DIVI5 Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to oval, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, pinnately-veined, margin entire, lustrous green above and paler or whitened below. In the Southern Hemisphere, shoots grow in september and stop growing in July; leaves grow in september and fall off in May and June; anthesis of flowers begins in October; fruits are produced from November to April; and the trunk expands from May to June (Scheepers 2010). In mid March 2020, two of the small Persimmons have leafed out, but the … Salem, Oregon: east of the Bush House in Bush Pasture Park, male tree. These periods are reversed in the Northern Hemisphere. Dioecious --male and female trees --- although both sexes sometimes present on the same tree, white to greenish-white, blueberry-shaped flower, fragrant. The two commercially important species are the common, or American, persimmon (Diospyros virginiana), native to North America, and the Japanese, or kaki, persimmon (D. kaki), native to China but widely cultivated in other temperate regions. Diospyros japonicaSiebold & Zucc.. Synonyms: D. glaucifolia F.P. Leaves alternate, simple, 5-13 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, oval to elliptic, rounded at base, entire or irregularly serrate, glossy dark green above and paler below. Diospyros virginiana (American Persimmon) - Persimmon is definitely one of our more common trees in Georgia. It is one of the most widely-adapted of trees, growing naturally in bottomland swamps, along stream banks, in upland forests, in … Its bark has a distinctive alligator bark pattern (very dark and blocky), its buds are triangular and dark brown and its leaves, petioles and twigs are covered with flattened, matted hairs. https://www.tytyga.com/History-of-Persimmon-Trees-a/374.htm. The bark forms distinct rectangles, which a distinct feature of the tree. Several cultivars. Middle-aged Common Persimmon. American Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Ebony family (Ebenaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is typically 30-70' tall, consisting of an erect trunk about 1-2' across and an oblongoid to ovoid crown. Common Persimmon Diospyros virginiana. The persimmon trees display a pattern made up of blocks with vertical ridges tan run down the trunk. The edges of the leaves are smooth (UVM 2018). 1). The leaves are simple and often confused with those of Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica). is used for its fruit and wood. Specfically, they prefer moist but well-drained soil, but they can also be found in sandy, less fertile soil as they can living in a variety of pHs (UConn 2018). It is native from Connecticut to … There are yellow veins in leaf. http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants/detail.php?pid=159. DIVIP3: Diospyros virginiana L. var. Diospyros virginiana. Its mature height can be 60 feet, with branches sp… Deciduous - alternate leaves 10-15cm (4-6in) long, narrowing at the base. Diospyros virginiana L. Plant Symbol = DIVI5 Contributed By: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program Alternate Names Eastern persimmon, possumwood, American ebony, white ebony, bara-bara, boa-wood, butterwood Uses Common persimmon is sometimes used as an ornamental for its hardiness, adaptability to a wide CROP DESCRIPTION: The American persimmon is a semi-wild fruit that is indigenous to eastern North America, with its native range extending from Florida to Connecticut. The plant itself is a small tree usually 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) in height, with a short, slender trunk and spreading, often pendulous branches, which form a broad or narrow, round-topped canopy. Diospyros Virginiana from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: an elegant tree with rugged bark and good autumn colour. https://thefruitnut.com/american-persimmon/. 6 Fig. ... Leaves: Leaves are alternate, simple, oval, glossy, up to 6" long x 2" across, with smooth margins and pointed tip. They like to grow on low wetlands but can also grow on drier lands (Central Park Conservancy 2018). The roots are thick, fleshy and stoloniferous. Its leaves are smaller and it has black fruits where Diospyros virginianahas larger leaves and orange to purple fruits. http://www.centralparknyc.org/about/blog/american-persimmon.html. They do require, however, lots of sun (UConn 2018). 9 Feuilles du plaqueminier de Virginie (D. virginiana) Fig. The fruit was used for food and medicinal purposes by Native Americans. (Diospyros virginiana) The genus name for the American Persimmon means "Fruit of the Gods". https://www.britannica.com/plant/persimmon. Diospyros virginiana is a medium-sized deciduous tree that will greatly vary in size depending on the environment. It usually grows to a mature height between 30' and 50', but might remain shrub-like and 15' tall in poor dry soil, or grow up to 100' in fertile moist soil. Persimmon trees are known and recognized by their dark wood. In the male flowers, which are numerous, the stamens are sixteen in number and arranged in pairs; the female flowers are solitary, with traces of stamens, and a smooth o… Dioecious --male and female trees --- although both sexes sometimes present on the same tree, white to … The fruit are quite juicy and sweet when ripe, but nearly impossible to joy when unripe due to the bitterness (Rick 2018). Wood carvers like to use it for its decorative grain and golf club manufactures like to use it for its durability (Rick 2018). The flowers of the American persimmon begin to bloom in May and stay in bloom until June (UVM 2018). Chief among the fruit-producing members are the persimmons. Latin: Diospyros virginiana. They can grow anywhere from 3 to 7 inches. Growing in a wide range of forests, its wood is also appealing. It is a semi-wild fruit that is much smaller than the Asian persimmon, which is found more commonly in grocery stores. Zones: 4-9. 2 American persimmons (D. virginiana / Ebenaceae) Fig. The fruits are considered juicy berries, have flattened seeds, grow in clusters, and have an enlarge calyx (Encyclopedia Britannica). On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin … Diospyros virginiana is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in) at a medium rate. pubescens (Pursh) Dippel: DIVIV4: Diospyros virginiana L. var. The leaves of Diospyros blancoi have been shown to contain isoarborinol methyl ether (also called cylindrin) and fatty esters of α- and β- amyrin. 8 Fig. Diospyros virginiana L. Persimmon. Persimmon tree wood has a limited use in the manufacture of objects requiring hard wood, wooden flutes and wooden spoons to name a few. The leaves are simple, alternate, entire, and elliptical to oblong. Often with tiny leaves … platycarpa Sarg. Diospyros virginiana Figure 1. Deciduous tree with a slender, oval-rounded crown, 35-60 ft (11-18 m) high and 20-35 ft (6-11 m) wide, suckers, bark thick, hard, in distinctive squares. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Diospyros virginiana. The fruit is produces is juice and pinkish-orange and can be very sweet if eaten when overripe (Rick 2018). Ebony, Bara-bara, Boa-wood diospyros virginiana leaves Butterwood, Possum Apples, Sugar-plum throughout... … Diospyros japonicaSiebold & Zucc.. Synonyms: D. glaucifolia F.P are too many multiple trunks to accurately measure dbh! 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