Tamils are the majority in the union territory of Puducherry, a former French colony. Classical Tamil music is dominated by the Carnatic genre, while gaana and dappan koothu are also popular genres. [citation needed], There are significant Tamil communities in other parts of India. Tamils in Sri Lanka are classified into three ethnicities by the, Lockard: "The encounters that resulted from Aryan migration brought together several very different peoples and cultures, reconfiguring Indian society. City Size and Population Density. Mumbai is a principal city in India and the center of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the sixth more populated metropolitan area in the world with over 20 million people. [127][128][129][130], Tamils have strong attachment to the Tamil language, which is often venerated in literature as Tamil̲an̲n̲ai, "the Tamil mother". It was forbidden for the rebels to consume tobacco, alcohol, drugs and to have sexual relationships. In Tamil Nadu, Christians and Muslims account for 6% and 5.8% respectively. [175] The Tamil rebels in Sri Lanka reflected some elements of Tamil martial traditions which included worship of fallen heroes (Maaveerar Naal) and practice of martial suicide. BJP is the only party to have a Tamil MLA in Maharashtra Assembly in Captain R Tamil Selvan. [56] They transformed the institution of the kingship into an imperial one, and sought to bring vast amounts of territory under their direct rule. Tamil is an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore. [65] The Chola emperor decisively defeated and repulsed an invasion by the Western Chalukya king Vikramaditya VI who tried to interfere in Chola politics by installing his puppet. Some Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu like MG Ramachandran, Karunanidhi and Jayalalithaa have their background in the Tamil film industry. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Some Tamils, especially those belonging to the Brahmin caste are vegetarian because of religious reasons. [61], Under Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas became dominant in the 10th century and established an empire covering most of South India and Sri Lanka. 🛈Today's Message: For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, & the strength of the Wolf is the Pack. The therukoothu, literally meaning "street play", is a form of village theater or folk opera. Karpudayar mosque in Kayalpatnam, Old Jumma mosque in Kilakarai and Kazimar Big Mosque in Madurai are among the oldest mosques of Tamil Muslims in Tamil Nadu. The cult of the mother goddess is treated as an indication of a society which venerated femininity. The carbon source was bamboo and leaves from plants such as avārai. Due to independent lineage,[8][9][10] they are listed[8][10][11] as Moors by the Sri Lankan government. After the collapse of Vijayanagara in 1646, Tamil Nadu was dominated by small states like the Madurai Nayaks. Hook (eds.). excludes people in institutions. Do you want to know how many Tamils living in each country? Delhi government’s Department of Art, Culture, and Language on Sunday set-up a Tamil academy to promote the language and culture of the southern state of Tamil Nadu. Mumbai is the most populated city in India with a total population of 12,442,373 residents according to the latest census. in their areas of habitation in the northeast of the island. This religion was transmitted through the Tamil language. [178] Another sign of its reputation is seen in a Persian phrase – to give an "Indian answer", meaning "a cut with an Indian sword". Classical Tamil literature, which ranges from lyric poetry to works on poetics and ethical philosophy, is remarkably different from contemporary and later literature in other Indian languages, and represents the oldest body of secular literature in South Asia. [152] Many of the rich Tamil literature works were written by Jains. At about the same time, many Tamil businessmen also migrated to other parts of the British Empire, particularly to Burma and East Africa. Tamil Nadu has some notable players in each sport. [79], According to their tradition, Sri Lankan Tamils are lineal descendants of the aboriginal Naga and Yaksha people of Sri Lanka. Harold G. Coward, John R. Hinnells, Raymond Brady Williams, Jaina Literature in Tamil, Prof. A. Chakravartis. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [115] The Sri Lankan government allegedly committed war crimes against the civilian Sri Lankan Tamil people during the final months of the Eelam War IV phase in 2009, when the leader of the Tigers, Prabhakaran, was killed. [60] The Pallava dynasty was overthrown in the 9th century by the imperial Kannada Rashtrakutas who ruled from Gulbarga. [41] There is evidence that at least two embassies were sent to the Roman Emperor Augustus by Pandya kings. (1987). The Tamil cuisine in Sri Lanka differs little from that of South India. Significant populations reside in Karnataka (2.9 million), Maharashtra (1.4 million), Andhra Pradesh (1.2 million), Kerala (0.6 million) and the National Capital Region (0.1 million). Tamil population by nation; Tamil population by cities; References This … The Sangam legends also alluded to the antiquity of the Tamil people by claiming tens of thousands of years of continuous literary activity during three Sangams. Although the Pallava records can be traced from the 2nd century CE, they did not rise to prominence as an imperial dynasty until the 6th century. [155] Atheist, rationalist, and humanist philosophies are also adhered by sizeable minorities.[156]. Kerala Iyers or Bhattars, are Tamil Brahmins of the Indian state of Kerala — people who were residents in the Kerala region, and also people who migrated from present day Tamil Nadu in different waves from the time of the Chera dynasty.They are Hindus. The city was home to over 21 million people in year 2013. Periplus also indicates that the chief exports of the ancient Tamils were pepper, malabathrum, pearls, ivory, silk, spikenard, diamonds, sapphires, and tortoiseshell. [164] They often carry inscriptions displaying a variety of adornments, including bas relief panels, friezes, and figures on carved stone. Similarly, the Tamil speaking parts of Sri Lanka joined with the other regions of the island in 1802 to form the Ceylon colony. [151] [185][186] In Sri Lanka, this early steel-making method employed a unique wind furnace, driven by the monsoon winds, capable of producing high-carbon steel. Sastri, "A History of South India", OUP (1955) p. 105, Chopra, Ravindran and Subramanian (2003), p. 74 part 1, Singapore in Global History by Derek Thiam Soon Heng, Syed Muhd Khairudin Aljunied p.40, Upon arrival in June 1799, Sir Hugh Cleghorn, the island's first British colonial secretary, wrote to the British government of the traits and antiquity of the Tamil nation on the island in the, Sri Lanka: Current Issues and Historical Background (2002), Walter Nubin, p. 87, sfn error: no target: CITEREFde_Silva1987 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBasham1967 (, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFKrishnamurti2003 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFLockard2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHiltebeitel2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTiwari2002 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFZimmer1951 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFLarson1995 (. Hart, G.L. [62] Cholas exacted tribute from Thailand and the Khmer Empire. The worship of Amman, also called Mariamman, thought to have been derived from an ancient mother goddess, is also very common. The area west of the Western Ghats became increasingly politically distinct from the Eastern parts ruled by Chola and Pandya Dynasties[74] Kerala was until 9th century, culturally and linguistically part of Tamilakam, with the local Koduntamil evolving to Malayalam. It is one of the most densely … He led successful expeditions to the north as attested by his epigraphs found as far as Cuddappah. [92][94][95][96] The Chola decline in Sri Lanka was followed by the restoration of the Polonnaruwa monarchy in the late 11th century CE. [81] Settlements of people culturally similar to those of present-day Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu in modern India were excavated at megalithic burial sites at Pomparippu on the west coast and in Kathiraveli on the east coast of the island, with villages established between the 5th century BCE and 2nd century CE. Parpola, Asko (1974). In the ensuing wars for supremacy, he emerged as the single most victorious ruler and the Pandya kingdom reached its zenith in the 13th century during his reign. [227] A famous Sri Lankan Tamil specialty is kottu roti, available in most Sri Lankan restaurants in the country and abroad. [73] In the 14th century, the Pandyan empire was engulfed in a civil war and also had to face repeated invasions by the Delhi Sultanate. The 12th century Arab traveler Edrisi mentioned the "Hinduwani" or Indian steel as the best in the world. [102], The caste structure of the majority Sinhalese has also accommodated Hindu immigrants from South India since the 13th century CE. The land was supposed to have been destroyed by a deluge. In P. Hockings (ed.). 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